Space mission: China launched a spacecraft on dark side of the moon

Space mission: China launched a spacecraft on dark side of the moon

Space mission: China launched a spacecraft on dark side of the moon

The most ambitious robotic moon probe ever by any space-faring country was launched by China on Saturday morning.

China launched its Chang'e 4 lander and rover today (December 8, 2:22 a.m. local time) from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre, as part of a mission that hopes to land on the far side of the Moon.

The Chang'e-4 lunar probe mission blasted off on a Long March 3B rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China in the pre-dawn hours on Saturday, according to the official Xinhua news agency. It's mission will be to explore the composition of the lunar surface.

Earlier it was reported that Russian Federation intends to deploy a full-scale moon base between 2036 and 2040 to deliver large goods and saturate the lunar polygons a variety of scientific experiments. What makes the endeavor special is that it would be the first time that a rover will attempt to land on the dark side of the moon, that is always tilted away from the Earth. Here, the satellite will be able to constantly transmit communications between mission controllers on Earth and the lander-rover on the lunar surface.

The 140 kg Chang'e-4 rover. The craft also carry three cameras and a mini biosphere for a first-ever test of photosynthesis and respiration in the low-gravity lunar environment.

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The mission will pave the way for the country to deliver samples of Moon rock and soil to Earth.

After accomplishing its tasks, Chang'e-2 flew to the L2 point of the sun-earth system about 1.5 million km from earth to conduct scientific experiments.

Chang'e-3, launched in 2013, was the first Chinese spacecraft to soft-land on and explore an extraterrestrial object.

China's space program has benefited from cooperation with Russian Federation and European nations, although it was excluded from the 420-ton International Space Station, mainly due to USA legislation barring such cooperation amid concerns over its strong military connections.

It's expected to land in early January after 26 days of flight, said China's Aerospace Science and Technology Corp.

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